This section presents a menu of gender-related output, outcome, and impact indicators to measure project results by choosing gender indicator/s that align(s) with the gaps that the project is trying to address; track(s) expected results; and is/are specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART). When selecting indicators, work with your M&E team, as well as with a gender specialist, to confirm and validate indicator choice; also consider sex-disaggregating indicators across the project, i.e., for those activities that may not specifically address gender gaps but that are amenable to sex-disaggregated data collection.
Focus on indicators that make sense for your project and for which you will be able to collect data. The indicators can be applied to both lending and advisory World Bank projects. They are organized, in theory-of-change models, by the toolkit’s four key constraint areas: legal and regulatory frameworks; access to finance; training, skills, and information; and access to markets.
As discussed previously, an M&E framework is best applied ex ante during the project and results-tracking design phase, so that data collection can support implementation progress and reporting from the outset. Regular monitoring and data availability will be essential at project completion to assess achievements toward lessening gender disparities.
Not all indicators will be relevant to every program or project. Rather, the selection of indicators will be determined by the intervention, its scale, and the project’s development objective. Teams are encouraged to use the guidelines and indicators during project planning and design, in collaboration with their M&E and gender team members.
A full list of the indicators illustrated below can be found in Appendix 3. Please also note that Appendix 3 lists four overarching impact indicators that are applicable to all four main constraints: # of new direct jobs created or obtained by women; # of women-owned or -led firms with increased revenue; # of women-owned or -led firms with increased aggregate productivity; and # of women reporting increased levels of self-confidence, willingness to assert themselves, willingness to take risks, or self-esteem.